Do you have a concern that a student has been sexually harassed, assaulted, or experienced discrimination on the basis of gender or sexual orientation? Do not minimize the harassment, assault, and/or discrimination even when a school does.
Remember that the civil rights law that protects students, Title IX, uses “unwelcome sexual touching” as the basis for a complaint. Also remember that under Title IX students are protected from cyber sexual harassment (where no touching has occurred).
Get started addressing your problem with these simple steps:
- Read definitions of sexual harassment and assault here. Remember that many schools normalize sexual harassment when it is actually harming students. If you have questions about actions between a teacher and student or between/among students, call the resources listed here and/or your local sexual assault crisis center.
- Read Know Your Rights on the SSAIS website.
- Use this fact sheet to be well informed about the school’s obligations. Most schools don’t understand Title IX or how to apply it in simple or complex situations. Show the fact sheet to your school.
- Use this fact sheet from the U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights (OCR), to assert your rights. Note: OCR rescinded this guidance on 9/22/2017.
- Also use these fact sheets, depending on your needs–whether general or specific (e.g. cyber sexual harassment, LBGTQ, etc.)
- Write to your school documenting your report. Follow up any conversations with an email or letter stating what was said. Restate your position in the conversation so that there is a clear record of your expectations and the school’s response (or non-response). Keep a copy of all correspondence. Continue writing to the school even if the school ignores you. You must establish that the school was indifferent to your complaints or responded inappropriately.
- Seek help from victims’ advocates and organizations listed here.
- Use these downloadable forms to discover information about your school district.
- Public school districts and elementary and secondary schools must submit data (including the number of reported incidents of sexual harassment and sexual violence) to the biennial Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) maintained by the Office for Civil Rights. Here is a list of CRDC Data Elements for School Year 2015–16.
- Learn about the role of the Title IX coordinator here and advocate for the coordinator to implement the required actions.
- File a complaint if warranted.
- Contact SSAIS for additional suggestions/resources.
Explore our activism toolkit to learn about other ways to create a safe and equal learning environment.